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“United states government is set up as na bicameral. Legislature according to. Article i. Section section i of the us constitution.
The nword bicameral has latin roots meaning two houses our federal government nis divided into two houses or two chambers. As it is sometimes called if you re like me you re probably wondering nhow. Did the founders of our government decide on a bicameral legislature in the first place at the time of the original colonies and budding nnew states people had different ideas about governing in their different states. Proportional nrepresentation.
Was popular with some at the time as it gave the larger states greater ninfluence in the federal government on the flipside proportional representation. Put nthe smaller states at a disadvantage as they were given less jurisdiction in governing ndecisions as this caused. Greater and greater controversy. Two plans were proposed for the nfederal government.
The virginia plan and the new jersey plan..
The virginia plan was proposed by virginian njames madison in 1787 this plan directly favored the big states. The plan urged for nthree branches of government. The executive. The legislative and the judicial additionally nit called for two houses of government one with officials elected by the people and one nwith officials elected by the state legislatures basically the virginia plan suggested the nuse of population as the bases for distributing seats among the states that same year.
William paterson proposed nthe new jersey plan its goal was to keep one vote per state. So that equal representation nfor. All states could exist. This plan was in direct support of the smaller states of namerica.
Having a one vote per. State policy. Meant that the smaller states had just as nmuch jurisdiction as the larger states and ensured that policy would be beneficial for nall. This plan was also in support of having an intra branch check to distribute balance nand order within the two houses of the legislature with a check system in place.
Both houses nwere free to have their own responsibilities and size..
Now in the grand scheme of things both of nthese proposed plans were similar in nature. However one favors the larger states and nthe other favors the smaller states obviously choosing one plan over the other would create neven more tension among the people but a way of governing had to be instituted. I give you the great compromise by roger nsherman in 1787 this compromise stated that the united states government would be a bicameral nlegislature meaning. It would have a house of representatives based on population and na senate.
Consisting of two members from each state. Let s look a little more in depth at each nof. These chambers of congress to serve in the house of representatives nyou must be at least 25 years old you also have to have been a citizen of the united nstates for at least seven years because this is a state representative position. You must nbe a legal resident of the state you wish to represent members of the house are elected nby the people and all states have at least one representative.
A system called apportionment. Nor redistricting is used to determine how many representatives a state gets this process ninvolves distributing representatives. According to each state s population based on the ndecennial census. That is taken currently there are 435 members seated in the house nof representatives based on the 2010 census.
Now we know how representatives got into the nhouse..
But what exactly do their responsibilities. Include members of the house have a few different nresponsibilities. They can impeach government officials including the president members ncould actually decide the outcome for presidential elections. If there were ever a time the electoral ncollege couldn t agree on the candidate.
Additionally. The house is responsible for nall bills that raise taxes to serve in the united states senate. The requirements nare little more strict you must be at least 30 years old. And have been a citizen of the nunited states for at least nine years like in the house to serve in the senate.
You must nbe a legal resident of the state. You wish to represent senators are elected by the npeople and all states have two senate. Members for a total of 100 in congress. The senate holds impeachment.
Ntrials ratifies treaties with a vote and votes to confirm or deny..
The appointments. Nof executive officers. The senate also has the power for writing and passing laws. Overall nthese are huge responsibilities that our members of congress take on if anything learning nabout.
The responsibilities and election processes are all the more motivation to get out in nthe world and educate yourself on the world of politics things to remember nbicameral means there are two chambers of congress nthose. Two chambers are the house of representatives and the senate nthe house is based on population. The senate is set at two members per state nboth chambers are directly elected by the people. Although.
Senators were originally nelected by state legislatures. Do your civic duty and give this video a like nand subscribe to our channel to learn. ” ..
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