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You for watching this video. My name is brian collin in todays topic is is erik eriksons theory of psychosocial development. Remember that the best way to study to take practice tests.
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Sign up for free at wwe arak ericsson adopted the belief from sigmund freud. That development is characterized by series of stage related conflicts between two perspectives. He believed that you must hold both perspectives in order to achieve identity strengths.
Which he defined as virtues the first stage related conflict in ericksons theory is trust versus mistrust and often occurs between zero and eighteen months during the stage. An infant must depend on their parents or primary caretakers for basic things. Such as food water shelter and emotional needs to survive children who can depend on their parents for these needs can trust or count on them.
While those who cant may have difficulty trusting others. Now and later in development erikson. Believed that children who learn to trust their caretakers develop.
The virtue hope. Where they view the world as a good place. Where people can be trusted.
The second stage conflict of eriksons theory is autonomy versus shame and doubt and occurs from ages two to four during the stage children learn to do activities on their own without the help of their parents for example children learn to go to bathroom on their own or learn to dress themselves parents who get upset with their children doing these activities on their own may have children who struggle to be self sufficient later on in their development. However parents who let their children solve problems on their own. When they are ready for them will have children who have the cop to do things on their own later in development erikson defined the virtue for stage.
2. As will or the childs ability to express his or her self by doing things on their own the third stage conflict in ericksons theory is initiative versus guilt and tends to occur between five and eight years of age during the stage children take a step from spontaneously. Doing things on their own to setting goals and working toward them little johnny may want to learn how to ride a bike.
Because he wants to be able to ride down a big hill in his neighborhood. Erikson argued that many children early childhood like johnny engage in risky behaviors. When they set goals.
When johnny tries to ride down the hill falls on his bike and gets hurt. He feels guilty that he did not successfully make it down the big hill without falling. He may go home and act aggressively toward his parents.
Because he was unable to achieve his goal erikson argued that children in early childhood can often engage in aggressive behaviors toward their parents and others because they are upset with not reaching their goals. He defined the important virtue of this stage as purpose or having a goal or reason for performing certain behaviors. The fourth stage conflict in ericksons theory is industry versus inferiority and occurs from ages.
Nine to twelve during the stage children are more receptive to feedback from adults about their competence and begin comparing their achievement and abilities to peers for example children learn whether they are more attractive a better athlete or a more superior student than the other children in the class. They may discover things that they are good at and should pursue as a hobby children who receive negative feedback from adults compared to other children may view themselves as less competent. Which may lead them to have a negative view about their ability and not set challenging goals that require them to perform their best.
However children who received positive feedback from adults in comparison to peers tend to have confidence they need to pursue goals that they need to be successful later in their development. The fifth stage in ericksons theory is identity versus role confusion in erikson believe that it occurs from 13 to 19 years of age. However.
Erikson did state that this stage is often prolonged during this stage adolescents are setting boundaries with parents such as having their own private lives with friends and romantic interests. They are also searching for a place within adult society. Which can include a search for an occupation gender political views and religion.
During the search children may often experiment with different identities and viewpoints in order to find their true identity. The sixth stage of eriksons theory is intimacy versus isolation. It occurs from ages 20 to 39 this stage involves finding a true romantic or intimate partner in contrast to living alone.
Aka isolation as such erikson defined the virtue for this stage is love because ultimately the stage involves finding love. The seventh stage of eriksons theory is generativity versus stagnation and occurs during ages 40 to 59. When thinking about this stage.
Think of generativity as generation because erikson defined generativity as giving back to the future generation. This can involve starting a family raising children caring for aging parents contributing to society for your careers. And being a supportive friend and family member.
The virtue of this stage is care because erikson believed that success in middle adulthood. Is about providing care to the important relationships in their lives. Such as parents and children as such he believed that not having these important people to care for or not having the means to do so can lead an individual to feel non productive or stagnant the and final stage of eriksons theory is ego integrity versus despair and occurs after age 60 in this stage older adults look back on their life and reflect on whether they lived a happy and productive life adults who feel good about their experience in life tend to have a lot of experience to draw upon to help and support others in their life.
Which is why erikson defined the virtue of the stage is wisdom older adults who are satisfied with their life tend to be happy while others who felt like they didnt live the life that they wanted may feel sad and depressed. Now. Lets review.
Erickson stages stage. 1. Is trust versus mistrust and occurs from 0.
To 18 months. 0. To 2 years and the virtue for this stage is hope stage.
2 is autonomy versus shame and doubt and occurs often in ages 2 through 4 and the primary virtue is will stage. 3 is initiative versus guilt and occurs in ages. 5 to 8 the primary virtue is purpose stage.
4. Is industry versus inferiority and occurs during ages. 9 to 12.
The virtue for this stage is competence stage. 5. Is identity versus role confusion and occurs between ages.
13 and 19. The virtue for this stage is fidelity stage. 6 is intimacy versus isolation and occurs between ages 20 and 39.
The virtue for this stage is love stage. 7. Is generativity versus stagnation and occurs between just 40 to 59.
The virtue for this stage is care the eighth and final stage is ego integrity versus despair and occurs in ages 60 and up the virtue for this stage is wisdom. Remember that the best way to study is to take practice tests. And if you cant find good practice test build your own and learn.
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