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In this video. Were going to talk about preschoolers and school aged children so so lets first talk about preschoolers and what kind of growth. We can expect in terms of weight.
We would expect a preschooler to gain between four and a half and six and a half pounds a year in terms of height. We would expect them to grow between two and a half and three and a half inches per year in terms of gross and fine motor skill type milestones that we find during the preschool years at three years old. We would expect our preschooler to be able to ride a tricycle so that ones pretty easy to remember because a tricycle has three wheels.
So at three years old. They should be able to ride a tricycle also at this age. They should be able to jump off the bottom step of some stairs at four years old they should be able to skip and hop on one foot.
They should be able to throw a ball overhead and use scissors to cut out a shape at five years old. They should build a jump rope and draw a stick figure with seven body parts and then at six years old they should be able to identify their right versus their left hand and use a utensil to like spread peanut butter or butter in terms of some key beliefs that happened during the preschool years theres several that are very important to know. So.
One is the concept of magical thinking. So this is where a preschooler will believe that their thoughts can cause events to occur. So if something bad happens to a sibling or to their mom and dad they may think.
Its because they were naughty like they did something bad and they caused this event to happen they also have the belief in animism so this is where inanimate objects are alive like their little stuffed dog or their doll. Theyre like a real person and theyre talking and doing things like a like im someone whos alive and then time so if you tell a preschooler that mom will be home at 4 30 pm. Theyre not going to really understand that there no thats not going to make sense to them.
But if you tell them mommy will be home after your nap. This afternoon. Then that makes more sense in terms of be able to kind of identify time theyre not gonna be able to tell time on a clock or understand like 4 30 pm.
But they can understand events taking place relative to some of their daily activities in terms of age appropriate activities for preschoolers you can find them playing ball. Playing with puzzles. Tricycles dress up pretend and role playing painting and reading books.
So those are all age appropriate activities for preschoolers in terms of the type of play with other children. We would expect preschoolers to engage in associative. Play so.
This is where children are playing together. Theres some interaction. But its not very organized okay so before with toddlers.
We had the parallel play right now we have associative play again theres more interaction. But no organization really all right lets talk about immunisations so between four and six years old. I.
Remember. The immunizations. Using the word.
Dim di m. So. The d stands for d.
Tap. The i stands for ipv and the m stands for mmr also during this time. We want the preschooler to get their annual flu vaccines in terms of nutrition preschoolers need roughly half the calories of adults.
We want to make sure were providing at least five servings of fruits and veggies a day for our preschooler and then in terms of activity. We want to limit their screen time officially to under two hours a day. But honestly it probably should be a lot less than that and then we want to allow for at least an hour of physical activity per day for preschoolers in terms of sleep preschoolers need a lot of sleep.
So we are expecting them to sleep about 12 hours each night. We want a consistent bedtime routine for preschoolers and thats very important and want to avoid allowing preschoolers to sleep with their parents and we can provide a nightlight. If needed for our preschooler.
Okay. School aged children so this is children. 6 to 12 years of age in terms of weight.
Were going to expect the same kind of growth as we did with preschoolers. So thats about four and a half to six and f six. And a half pounds a year in terms of height.
We would expect a growth of two inches per year and then in terms of age appropriate activities during this time period. We would expect interactions with the peer group. So thats gonna be really really important so were gonna expect competitive play and cooperative play they may play board or video games jump rope bicycles organized sports and a variety of crafts and hobbies.
So again now were playing together. Its organized its cooperative or competitive in terms of sleep needed at age 11. We would expect an eleven year old to need approximately not 9 hours of sleep per night in terms of immunisations at 11 to 12 years of age.
The child should get tdap. There hpv vaccine and a meningitis vaccine and then of course. Theyre getting their annual flu vaccine and then lets talk a little bit about injury prevention for both preschoolers as well as school aged children so we always want to encourage the use of protective equipment.
When theyre out bicycling or skateboarding or skating so that means like a helmet and pads. We want to lock away firearms and make sure that the ammunition like the bullets are stored separately than the guns and we want to lock away all cleaners and chemicals. We want to set the water heater temperature less than 120 degrees.
Which i know ive mentioned that on a previous video. But its really important for you to know you do not want to leave children unattended by any body of water including pools and you want to have your child use a forward facing car seat or booster. Seat and they are four foot nine inches tall and the backseat is safest bicycle safety you want to make sure youre educating your child make sure that bikes the right size first of all and then you want to educate them to ride in a single file line versus side by side and in the direction of traffic.
They should wear light colored clothing with fluorescent material. So that they are highly visible to cars. So that is it when we come back.
Im going to talk about adolescence thanks for watching. .
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