The Man Who COULD Have Been Bill Gates [Gary Kildall]

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Are watching coldfusion tv. This video is the second episode of a new series based based on my book. New thinking.
Which is basically the grand history of science and from the industrial revolution. Till. Today this story is about something i find pretty interesting.
Its about gary kildall. The man who should have been bill gates. Its an absolutely fascinating story and i think that more people should know about it the year is 1977 and apple had just become extremely successful with their first pc.
The apple ii it was the first mass production personal computer that you didnt have to assemble yourself jb wanted to know why im doing better than all the other managers its no secret. I have an apple sure theres a big computer three flights down. But it wont test my options do my charts or edit.
My reports like my apple move words like that or you can move whole paragraphs around to anywhere you want them. Its amazing you can use the very same apple to do a zillion other things you could say that the apple is mightier than the pen apple. The personal computer pc.
Industry was already worth 1 billion. Dollars. Just three years after it had begun for the first time.
Computers. Amplified productivity and human intellect from within the home ibm. Who was in the corporate computer business of selling large mainframes.
Just saw the dollar signs. This was the opportunity of all opportunities by 1980 ibm had turned their attention to apples success in the pc market and realized that they were wrong about the pc. It wasnt just a hobbyist toy anymore.
It could actually be useful the problem for ibm is that they were a huge company. They were bureaucratic and very slow when it came to decisions. It was going to take years for them just to come up with a pc design.
So how were they going to compete in a timely manner. The answer came in the form of a secret small team within the company this small team was assigned the task to create a business orientated personal computer. When they got to work.
The decision was made to use off the shelf parts to speed up the design process using non ibm parts was very unusual for the company with this method instead of building a computer from scratch. They managed to have a complete product within a year in 1980 ibm had the pc hardware cobbled together the only thing needed was software to run on it what ibm needed was an operating system an operating system is like a computers digital traffic cop. It keeps track of how files are stored and how the computer handles hardware such as a mouse screen floppy disk drive and etc.
Basically. Its the basis that allows for a modern computer to run at this point. This is where the story starts heating up ibm was the biggest tech company of the time so any pc.
That they made would have an incredible impact on the world. So. What software was going to run on it this was the battle for one operating system that would rule them all the stakes are high every decision here impacts the rest of all history and herein lies.
One of the saddest stories in computing history. While building their pc. In 1980.
Ibm. Approached microsoft to build the operating system before saying a word about the project ibm asked bill gates. Who was initially mistaken for the office intern to sign a nondisclosure agreement bill gates had to keep ibms plan.
A secret and he couldnt tell a single soul when ibm told gates. What they were doing he remarked that microsoft didnt have an operating system. The 25 year old programmer would point ibm in the direction of gary kildall.
Gary was a meek and mild mannered man. But despite being unassuming. He had already paved the way for operating systems and personal computers.

a person who traffics in stolen property is called a-0
a person who traffics in stolen property is called a-0

In 1971. Kildall. Had made a programming language for intels first cpu the 4004.
But he quickly realized that there had to be a way to control how the chip interacted with the rest of the computer system in 1972. He solved this problem with cp m. Which stands for control program for microcomputers.
This was the very first pc operating system before cp m. Each computer had to have tailor made software imagine it like this it would be like having different types of fuel for every single car model in existence with an operating system like cp m. A programmer.
Only needed to write software just once and cp m. Would take care of the rest. It was a way to run the very same software on different computers.
It just uh was a very natural thing to write and it turns out people had s a need for an operating system like that and so uh. It was a very natural thing. I wrote it for my own use despite this gary didnt really have much interest in business matters and was just doing this as a hobby.
But his wife dorothy convinced him to start a business and start licensing his creation. The result was a company called digital research by 1979 digital research became the industry standard for operating systems in essence. They were the microsoft of the late 1970s and gary was equivalent to bill gates.
So ibm had just approached bill gates and asked him if he could make an operating system for their new pc. And bill gates pointed them in the direction of gary. So keen to waste.
No time ibm takes. Bills advice and pays a visit to gary in seattle. Bill.
Calls gary on the phone to give him some warning that someone is coming to visit because of the non disclosure. Agreement. Gates couldnt reveal exactly who was coming to visit bill exclaimed treat them right theyre important guys.
Unfortunately gary was a somewhat chilled out guy. And didnt really get the full urgency of what bill was warning perhaps. He thought it was just another small company and not the largest tech company on the planet.
Because of this gary isnt home when ibm visits. Hes out flying one of his private planes on business ibm ends up talking to garys wife dorothy who is now head of operations in digital research. The lawyers of ibm begin pushing her to sign a nondisclosure agreement essentially to say that they were never there dorothy wasnt impressed by this and refused to sign the document.
The ibm team had a short temper after going nowhere with negotiations. They became frustrated and decided to leave garys house. A few days later ibm would approach bill gates.
A second time gates being deterministic and opportunistic in nature was never going to give gary a second chance. He saw that ibm had the potential to change the pc market into something entirely different a new cleaned up business image instead of the geeky enthusiast image. It had so here comes.
The clincher bill gates decided to do something pretty sneaky. He told ibm that microsoft could in fact make an operating system. Even though they didnt have one what microsoft decided to do was just buy an operating system from a small company down the road for 75000.
This operating system was called the quick and dirty operating system or qdos for short. If you think that thats a bit of a weird name. Theres a reason for it the code.
It used for the software was essentially a ripoff of cp m. The operating system that gary had made so with this ripoff of cp m. Microsoft.
Now had their hands on a functioning operating system. Qdos. Would become microsoft.

a person who traffics in stolen property is called a-1
a person who traffics in stolen property is called a-1

Dos or ms. Dos. For short.
And would be packaged with every ibm pc. So if youve ever used ms. Dos.
It could be said. That you were using the microsoft. Dirty operating system.
However this name would be officially changed to microsoft. Disk operating system and of course. Ms.
Dos. Would eventually become microsoft windows. The first ibm.
Pc was released in august of. 1981 it was predicted to make 250000. Sales.
But it was a smash hit selling two million units. In a couple of years. Ibm.
Had now overtaken apple as the worlds largest pc manufacturer. With this event. It was now truly ok for the white collar class to get into pcs.
It was no longer for hobbyist freaks and enthusiasts around this time. Gary became the co host of the show computer chronicles. A tv program that followed in detail the progress of personal computers.
At the time gary. Were going to be talking about things like transportables and lap portables. But i want to show you this portable over here this looks like a pretty small computer.
But in fact this is just the keyboard. I can program my things into my computer in effect. This is the computer and of course.
It is now a wrist portable now i dont know whether this does anything very useful or not in fact thats my question about this whole subject of portables is this another case of technology in search of a purpose. I dont think so stuart. Its just a new dimension in technology.
We have had faster processors more memory and so forth in the past now what were looking for is trying to get all that speed and power into a smaller package. So everything was falling into place for bill gates. He was getting set to be the richest man in the world.
The dirty operating system was one half of the equation. But some smart business sense would complete it because the ibm pc was made from off the shelf parts. Other manufacturers.
Such as compaq and hp began making their own pc clones. With the very same parts. The deal.
For microsoft. Was that ms. Dos would be licensed to ibm by microsoft for a one time fee of 50000.
But there was a catch microsoft never mentioned to ibm that their deal was non exclusive. Soon. Microsoft was selling ms.

a person who traffics in stolen property is called a-2
a person who traffics in stolen property is called a-2

Dos to all of ibms competitors taking a licensing fee from every computer sold this licensing deal has been called the greatest deal in history. It made bill gates. A billionaire garys failure to not be there at the right time is conversely called one of the biggest business failures in history.
Once the sales of the ibm pc. Took off gary had realized what he had lost for a rare moment. He would shed off his kind nature and threatened to sue.
Ibm. In a settlement. Ibm.
Agreed to offer. Cp m. Alongside.
Ms. Dos. With every pc.
Sold gary kildall was pleased people could now choose for themselves. Which software they liked best justice had finally been served there was only just one problem. Though when both software.
Packages were released. Ms. Dos.
Sold for 40. And cp m. 240.
This was a complete disaster for almost identical pieces of software for this reason. Garys cp m. Software would fade into obscurity by the late 1980s.
Gary had lost to a clone of his own creation. Sadly he didnt take it well he was so crushed by the events that he didnt ever bother. Suing microsoft or ibm again the strain from missing out on the greatest opportunity of many lifetimes would eventually cause dorothy to divorce.
Gary. He would also shy away from his show. The computer chronicles.
The ubiquity of personal computers in the following years. Meant that gary would forever be reminded of his failure. Everywhere.
He turned kildall would slip into a bout of depression and alcoholism. Sadly in 1994. Gary would die from head injuries in a fistfight at a biker bar.
Today gary. The man who invented the operating system for personal computers is only a faint footnote in technology history. So i think that its important that we keep his contribution to the evolution of computing alive.
I can see that it was just a series of unfortunate events for gary. But if we can take any lessons away from them it might be make the most of every opportunity. This was the very first episode of the computer chronicles broadcast back in 1983.
When we first launched the series sitting by my side as co host was gary kildall. But gary was a lot more than a tv host gary in fact was one of the most important individuals in the history of personal computing gary died last year leaving a legacy not matched by many in this field thats the end of that story its pretty sad note. But i thought id just share it with you cause its pretty unknown.
I think a lot of people dont know about gary kildall. And what he did so thanks for watching. This has been dagogo youve been watching coldfusion feel free to subscribe if you just stumbled across this channel.
And ill catch you again soon for the next video cheers guys have a good one coldfusion its new thinking. .

a person who traffics in stolen property is called a-3
a person who traffics in stolen property is called a-3

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