the medical term for a specialist who studies the diseases of the eye and is a medical doctor is: This is a topic that many people are looking for. star-trek-voyager.net is a channel providing useful information about learning, life, digital marketing and online courses …. it will help you have an overview and solid multi-faceted knowledge . Today, star-trek-voyager.net would like to introduce to you How to Talk About Illness and Medicine in English. Following along are instructions in the video below:
Im oli welcome to oxford online english in this lesson. You can learn how how to talk about illness. Medicine and healthcare in english youll learn how to with a visit to the doctors office.
How to talk about different healthcare systems how to talk about going to hospital and more first dont forget to check out our website. Oxford online. English.
Dot com. You can study. English with our free lessons.
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You can choose from one of our many professional teachers. Take a look oxford online english dot com. Lets start by looking at language.
You can use if you need to see a doctor. So what can i do for you today. Well.
Ive been having these headaches just behind my eyes. How long have you been having them for about a week. Now they arent constant they come and go.
But theyre really painful do you have a fever no i dont think so any respiratory symptoms. How do you mean for example. Do you have a blocked nose.
A sore throat. A cough or anything like that no nothing. Like that is this the first time.
Youve had a problem like this as far as i can remember yeah ok please sit on the bed over here. I need to check your pulse. And blood pressure.
Ill also need to check your lymph nodes to see if theyre swollen in the dialogue. The doctor asked. Many questions can you remember any typically.
The doctor will ask about your symptoms your medical history and about medication. Which youre taking to ask about your symptoms. The doctor might ask do you have a fever do you have a cough.
Do you have a sore throat.. The doctor might ask more questions about a specific symptom for example.
How long have you been feeling like this is this the first time. Youve had a problem like this how severe is the pain if youre describing your symptoms. Its common to use the present perfect tense especially for a problem that appears repeatedly for example.
Ive been having really bad headaches. Ive been having some stomach problems. Ive been having a lot of problems getting to sleep you could also add a time period.
As in ive had this cough for a week. Now to describe more stable symptoms use the present simple tense for example. I have a swelling in my right knee i have this rash on my arm after you describe your symptoms.
The doctor might do some basic checks on you for example. He or she might want to take your pulse check your blood. Pressure or listen to your heartbeat.
Or breathing. Using. A stethoscope next.
The doctor will suggest further treatment and possibly. Prescribe medicine for you to take are you taking any medication currently no nothing any allergies no. Im going to prescribe you some painkillers take one.
As soon as you feel your headaches starting. If youre still in pain. After an hour take a second one dont take more than two pills in four hours or more than six pills in a 24 hour period.
Ok also dont drink alcohol or take any other anti inflammatories while youre taking these cant you do some more tests. What if its something more serious. If youre still having the same problem in two weeks.
Then well need to investigate further these things often clear up by themselves. You should also make sure you get enough sleep.
Stay hydrated and avoid stress. If possible do i have to pay for the prescription you pay a seven pound prescription fee im giving you enough pills to last four weeks so you should have enough can i take it to any chemists yes of course. Theres a pharmacy in the supermarket around the corner.
You could get your medicine. There ok. Ill do that thank you doctors can prescribe you medicine or other treatments.
They do this by writing what you need on a piece of paper a prescription prescribe is the verb and prescription is the noun you can also use the noun prescription to refer to the medicine. Which a doctor prescribes for you for example you could say the doctor prescribed antihistamines. But they didnt help i lost my prescription.
So ill have to call the doctor and see if she can send me a replacement antihistamines are often taken by people who have allergies in the dialogue. Do you remember what kind of medicine. The doctor prescribed.
She prescribed painkillers. Common painkillers are paracetamol and ibuprofen painkillers may also be anti inflammatories they reduce fever and swelling after you have your prescription you can collect your medicine from a pharmacy also called a chemists in uk english. Although both words are used the doctor or pharmacist might also give you advice on how to take your medicine for example.
Take one pill every twelve hours make sure you take the pills with food avoid alcohol. While youre taking these or they might not be as effective finally the doctor might also give you some more general advice in the dialogue. The doctor mentioned three things do you remember them.
I said. You should also make sure you get enough sleep stay hydrated and avoid stress. If possible last question for this section.
What happens. If you dont stay hydrated. If you dont stay hydrated by drinking enough fluids.
Youll get dehydrated next. Lets look at language to use if you arent sure where to go or how to get medical help so weird question. But what do i do if i need to see a doctor.
Ive never been to hospital or anything here. And i have no idea how it works you have insurance. No no anyway.
Whats wrong with you nothing much i have this swelling in my wrist. And its a little uncomfortable to move it id just like to get it checked out well you could go to a public hospital. I think as a resident youre entitled to free public healthcare.
But even if you have to pay it wont be much you might have to wait for a long time. Though you mean you have to wait to see a doctor. Yes that too.
But i meant that after you see a doctor. It might be a long time before you get any treatment from what i hear the public health system is really overstretched at the moment and people have to wait weeks or months for treatment. So you have private health insurance.
Yeah. Most people do you could also go to a private clinic or just go to a gp and let him or her refer you to the right specialist. If you need further treatment would that be very expensive a gp appointment.
Normally costs about 40 or 50 euros for further treatment. It depends what you need obviously of course if youre uninsured. Itll be more expensive.
But its not likely to be ridiculous maybe ill do that then id prefer to get it looked at sooner can you recommend anyone i can give you the details for my gp. Theres also a website. I can show you where you can find a doctor closer to where you live.
If you like that sounds great thanks in your country. If you need to see a doctor. What do you do first can you go directly to a hospital or do you need to go to a gp or smaller clinic.
First lets take the uk as an example most people in the uk use public healthcare. Which is almost completely free some people choose to buy private insurance. Which can give you more choice about where and when you get treatment.
If youre using public healthcare. Youll generally register with a gp gp stands for general practitioner meaning. A doctor who doesnt specialise in one area gps mostly work in small clinics not in hospitals.
If you have a problem youll go to your gp. First your gp will then help you to arrange further treatment. If you need it for example your gp might refer you to a specialist.
If you need more targeted treatment in other countries. Most people have healthcare insurance in some places healthcare can be very expensive if youre uninsured. What about in your country look at three questions one do most people use public healthcare or is it more usual to buy private health insurance.
Two is public healthcare high quality and reliable why or why not three are all residents entitled to free public healthcare or are there restrictions could you answer. These questions try it say an answer out loud or write it down or do both remember that you might need to repeat and practise your answer several times. So that it is fluent and clear did you do it if so feel free to share your answers with other learners in the comments.
Lets move on what happens. If you have a more serious health issue and you need to stay in hospital.
Have you heard about what happened to louis. No what he went to the doctors for a routine check up and they discovered he had a major cardiac problem they sent him to a e right away. They wouldnt let him go home even for an hour.
Then he had surgery the same day. No way i saw him on tuesday. He looked absolutely fine yeah.
I was shocked too anyway. We should go and see him dont you think he would probably appreciate some company sure how long are they keeping him in from what i heard they want to monitor him for a few days. And then he can go home so.
When can we go do they have set visiting hours. Yeah. Its in the afternoon.
Some time i can check on their website. Let me check with his wife. Too because im sure shell be spending time there and i think theres a two visitor maximum.
I hope hes alright. Ive never had an operation or had to stay overnight in hospital. But i imagine its fairly miserable yup youre not wrong hopefully hell be discharged soon.
We should take him some fruit or something nice to eat can we do that i think so. But ill check to be sure look at a sentence from the dialogue. They sent him to a e right away.
Do you know what a e means a e stands for accident and emergency its the hospital department. Where you go if you have a serious medical issue in american english. Its commonly called er emergency room lets look at four more sentences from the dialogue in each sentence.
Theres a word missing can you remember the missing words. If not you can also go back and review the dialogue to find them if you want did you find the missing words. Lets look how long are they keeping him in means.
How long will he have to stay in hospital they here refers to the hospital staff hospitals have visiting hours when you can go and spend time with your friends and relatives who are staying there even if you need to go to hospital. You might be an outpatient meaning that you go to hospital. Do what you need and then go home again.
The opposite is inpatient meaning that you need to stay overnight. When youre ready to leave hospital and go home they discharge you you can discharge yourself earlier. But your doctors might try to persuade you to stay longer now lets look at our final section recovering from a health problem.
So how are you feeling quite fragile to be honest. I mean i feel better than i did. But its a long process well thats to be expected you had a major operation.
How long do they say itll take to recover. They dont give exact answers to things like that i guess every case is different. But they said i should be back to normal in around three months three months.
Obviously i wont be like this for three months or at least. I hope not i get tired so easily right now they told me i should get some strength back in a couple of weeks. Do you have to go back in for any more tests.
I have to go tomorrow to get the incision cleaned and dressed its a big wound. So thatll take a while to heal just by itself apart from that i think i have to go back in a month or so for an ecg maybe theres more but im not focusing on that right now one day at a time do you need any help with anything please ask if you do id love to help if i can thats kind of you if you want you could take me for a walk. Im not supposed to go outside by myself.
But its nice to get some fresh air. I start going crazy. If im just stuck in bed or at home all day.
Sure how about tomorrow that would be great come by any time. Lets look at some language. You heard in the dialogue.
Do you remember how this language was used could you explain what these sentences. Mean. Remember you can pause.
The video to think or go back and review. The dialogue. If you need to fragile is similar to weak.
Its often used to describe things which break easily like china plates or things made of glass. If youre feeling fragile you feel weak and ill. If youre recovering from a serious illness or an operation youll need to get your strength back.
You also heard the phrase get back to normal for example itll take a few weeks to get back to normal a wound is an opening or a cut in your skin. If you have an operation. The surgeon will need to make an opening in your skin.
Which needs to heal afterwards finally one day at a time is a phrase. Which means you focus on the present rather than thinking about the future you can use it when youre dealing with a difficult or complex situation. You can also use the longer phrase take things one day at a time for example everythings so busy right now.
I cant make plans for next year. Im just taking things one day at a time of course. We hope you dont need the language youve seen in this lesson.
But we still hope it was useful for you thanks for watching see you next time .
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